Works in English


Under the Bo Tree: Studies in Caste, Kinship, and Marriage in the Interior of Ceylon. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1967; republished 1971.

A Passage to Peace: Global Solutions from East and West (with Daisaku Ikeda). London and New York: I.B. Tauris, 2009.



Sinhalese-Tamil Intermarriage on the East Coast of Ceylon.Sociologus, Neue Folge/New Series, 12, no. 1 (1962): 36–54.

The Structure of the Sinhalese Kindred: A Re-Examination of the Dravidian Terminology.American Anthropologist 64, no. 3, pt. l (June 1962): 548–575.

The Ascetic Buddhist Monks of Ceylon.Ethnology 1, no. 3 (July 1962): 315–328. Reprinted in Cultural and Social Anthropology, edited by Peter B. Hammond. New York: Macmillan, 1964. Also reprinted in Gods and Rituals: Readings in Religious Beliefs and Practices, edited by John Middleton. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1967.

On the Purity of Women in the Castes of Ceylon and Malabar.Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 93, no. 1 (1963): 25–58 [Awarded the Curl Bequest Prize of the RAI for 1962].

The Structure of Sinhalese Healing Rituals.The Journal of Asian Studies 23, Aspects of Religion in South Asia (June 1964): 115–150. Also reprinted in Religion in South Asia, edited by Edward B. Harper. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1964.

Dual Organization in Central Ceylon? or The Goddess on the Tree-Top.Journal of Asian Studies 24, no. 3 (May 1965): 441–457. Republished in Manning Nash et al., Anthropological Studies in Theravada Buddhism. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1966.

The Semantics of Kinship in South India and Ceylon.” In Current Trends in Linguistics, Vol. 5, Linguistics in South Asia, edited by Thomas A. Sebeok, Murray B. Emeneau, and Charles A. Ferguson, 607–626. Boston: De Gruyter Mouton, 1969.

Islamic Reform and the Mystic Tradition in Eastern Turkey.European Journal of Sociology / Archives Européennes de Sociologie / Europäisches Archiv für Soziologie 10, no. 1, Survivances et permanences or Continuity and Re-enactment (1969): 41–60.

De Tocqueville in India: An Essay on the Caste System (Review article).Man, New Series, 4, no. 1 (March 1969): 123–131.

Some Observations on Secularism in Islam: The Cultural Revolution in Turkey.Daedalus 102, no. 1, Post-Traditional Societies (Winter 1973): 139–168. Reprinted in Post-Traditional Societies, edited by S. N. Eisenstadt. New York: Norton, 1972.

Cultural Transpositions of Creativity.Comparative Literature Studies 17, no. 2, part 2, Special Issue: The Metamorphoses of Creativity (June 1980): 224–236.

On Royalty, Caste and Temples in Sri Lanka and South India.Social Analysis: The International Journal of Anthropology 25, Identity, Consciousness and The Past: The South Asian Scene (September 1989): 142–149.

“Further Observations on Love (or Equality).” In Cultural Horizons, Vol. 1, A Festschrift in Honor of Talat S. Halman, edited by Jane L. Warner. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 2001. Reprinted in Religions [Doha] 1 (2011): 86–101,147.

Imagining the Nation: ‘L’imaginaire’ and Public Space in Turkey.” In Spatial Conceptions of the Nation: Modernizing Geographies in Greece and Turkey, edited by P. N. Diamandouros, T. Dragonas, and Ç. Keyder, 103–117. London and New York: I.B. Tauris, 2009.

The Diversity of Cultures in the Crucible of Globalisation.” In The Challenge of Pluralism: Paradigms from Muslim Contexts, edited by A. Filali-Ansary and S. K. Ahmed, 94–109. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2010.

The Ottomans and the West: Some Thoughts on Mutual Perceptions and Good Government: An Essay for Sir Jack Goody.History and Anthropology 26, no. 3 (2015): 345–361.

The Rashomon Effect: Considerations for Existential Anthropology.” In Rashomon Effects: Kurosawa, Rashomon and Their Legacies, edited by Blair Davis, Robert Anderson, and Jan Walls, 86–95. London and New York: Routledge, 2016.

Deadly Theories and the Limits of Cultural Rationality: The ‘Clash of Civilizations’ Revisited.” In Risk and Uncertainty: Understanding and Dialogue in the 21st Century, edited by Kevin P. Clements and Olivier Urbain. New York: Routledge, 2013.



Review of Sinhalese Social Organization: The Kandyan Period by Ralph Pieris. Man 57, (July 1957): 110.

Review of Aspects of Religion in Indian Society by L. P. Vidyarthi. American Anthropologist, New Series, 66, no. 3, part 1 (June 1964): 690–692.

Review of Kulturwandel in Ceylon: Eine Untersuchung über die Entstehung einer Industrie-Unternehmerschicht by Hans-Dieter Evers. American Anthropologist 67, no. 6, part 1 (December 1965): 1618–1620.

Review of Turkish Village by P. Stirling. Balkan Studies 7, No. 2 (1966): 479–483.

Review of Ceylon: Gesellschaft und Lebensraum in den orientalischen Tropen: Eine sozialgeographische Landeskunde by Angelika Sievers. American Anthropologist 68, no. 6 (December 1966): 1538–1540.

Review of Documents anatoliens sur les langues et les traditions du Caucase 3: Nouvelles études oubykh by Georges Dumézil. Man, New Series, 1, no. 4 (December 1966): 583–584.

Review of Nubian Ceremonial Life: Studies in Islamic Syncretism and Cultural Change by John G. Kennedy. American Ethnologist 11, no. 2 (May 1984): 400–402.

Review of Buddhism Transformed: Religious Change in Sri Lanka by Richard Gombrich and Gananath Obeyesekere. American Anthropologist, New Series, 91, no. 4 (December 1989): 1082–1083.

“Lévi-Strauss in Wonderland: Playing Chess with Unusual Cats.” Review of The Story of Lynx by Claude Lévi-Strauss and Catherine Tihanyi. American Ethnologist 23, no. 4 (November 1996): 901–903.

Review of The Dark Side of Humanity: The Work of Robert Hertz and Its Legacy by Robert Parkin. American Ethnologist 25, no. 1, Special Book Review Issue (February 1998): 29–30.

Review of Art and Life in Bangladesh by Henry Glassie. American Ethnologist 26, no. 1 (February 1999): 226.

Review of Shamans and Elders: Experience, Knowledge and Power among the Daur Mongols by Caroline Humphrey and Urgunge Onon. The Journal of Asian Studies 58, no. 3 (August 1999): 827–830.

Review of Subverting Greed: Religious Perspectives on the Global Economy by Paul F. Knitter and Chandra Muzaffar. World Affairs: The Journal of International Issues 8, no. 3 (July–September 2004): 134–136.